Tracing Back Islam: Ajyad Fortress

Ajyad Fortress 1

The Ajyad Fortress (Turkish: Ecyad Kalesi; Arabic: قلعة أجياد‎) was an Ottoman citadel which stood on a hill overlooking the Grand Mosque of Mecca, in what is now Saudi Arabia. Built in the late 18th century, it was destroyed by the Saudi government in 2002 for commercial development of the Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower, sparking global outcry.

In 1780, the Ottoman Turks built the fortress in order to protect the Kaaba and Islamic shrines in Mecca from bandits and invaders. At the time, many of the bandits and invaders were Wahhabi radicals and the Ottomans wanted to keep them out of the city. The fort covered some 23,000 m2 (250,000 sq ft) on Bulbul Mountain (a spur of Jebel Kuda) overlooking the Masjid al-Haram from the south.

In early 2002, the Ajyad Fortress was demolished and most of Bulbul mount was levelled, in order to clear the area for the $533 million construction project of Abraj Al Bait Towers. Opening in 2012, the complex of multiple high-rise buildings consists of apartments, a twin-tower five-star hotel, restaurants, and a shopping centre, built by the Saudi Binladin Group.

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Intro: Wikipedia

Images courtesy of Wikipedia

Tracing Back Islam: Masjid Nabawi

Masjid Nabawi 1

Al-Masjid an-Nabawī (Arabic: المسجد النبوي‎), also called the Prophet’s Mosque, is a mosque established and originally built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, situated in the city of Medina. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi was the second mosque built in the history of Islamand is now one of the largest mosques in the world. It is the second-holiest site in Islam, after al-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah.

The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad’s house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Medina in 622 CE. He shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran. Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated it. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site. Many pilgrims who perform the Hajj go on to Medina to visit the mosque due to its connections to the life of Muhammad.

After an expansion during the reign of the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I, it also now incorporates the final resting place of Muhammad and the first two Rashidun caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar. One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque, originally Aisha’s house, where the tomb of Muhammad is located. In 1279, a wooden cupolawas built over the tomb which was later rebuilt and renovated multiple times in late 15th century and once in 1817. The current dome was added in 1818 by the Ottoman sultan Mahmud II, and it was first painted green in 1837, hence becoming known as the “Green Dome”.

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Intro: Wikipedia

Images courtesy of Wikipedia

Mengenal Kembali Walisongo Secara Objektif (via Islampos)

Dalam kitab Kanzul ‘Hum yang ditulis oleh Ibn Bathuthah yang kini tersimpan di Museum Istana Turki di Istanbul, disebutkan bahwa Walisongo dikirim oleh Sultan Muhammad I. Awalnya, ia pada tahun 1404 M (808 H) mengirim surat kepada pembesar Afrika Utara dan Timur Tengah yang isinya meminta dikirim sejumlah ulama yang memiliki kemampuan di berbagai bidang untuk diberangkatkan ke pulau Jawa.

Jadi, Walisongo sesungguhnya adalah para dai atau ulama yang diutus khalifah di masa Kekhilafahan Utsmani untuk menyebarkan Islam di Nusantara. Jumlahnya ternyata tidak hanya sembilan (Songo), namun sebetulnya ada tujuh angkatan yang masing-masing jumlahnya sekitar sembilan orang. Awalnya dimulai oleh angkatan I yang dipimpin oleh Syaikh Maulana Malik Ibrahim asal Turki yaitu pada tahun 1400an.

Sang syeikh merupakan ahli ilmu politik dan irigasi sehingga karena ilmu inilah yang menjadi peletak dasar pendirian kesultanan di Jawa sekaligus mengembangkan pertanian di Nusantara. Seangkatan dengannya, ada dua wali dari Palestina yang berdakwah di Banten yaitu Maulana Hasanudin, kakek Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa dan Sultan Aliyudin. Sehingga sesungguhnya masyarakat Banten memiliki hubungan biologis dan ideologis dengan Palestina.

Lalu ada pula Syaikh Ja’far Shadiq dan Syarif Hidayatullah yang di sini lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Sunan Kudus dan Sunan Gunung Jati. Keduanya juga ternyata berasal dari Palestina. Selain itu Sunan Kudus mendirikan sebuah kota kecil di Jawa Tengah yang kemudian disebut Kudus – berasal dari kata al Quds (Jerusalem).

Dari para wali itulah kemudian Islam menyebar ke mana-mana hingga seperti yang kita lihat sekarang. Oleh karena itu, sungguh aneh bila ada dari umat Islam sekarang yang menolak khilafah. Itu sama artinya ia menolak sejarahnya sendiri, padahal nenek moyangnya mengenal Islam tak lain dari para ulama yang diutus oleh para khalifah.

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Written by: HM. Ismail Yusanto

Edited by: @pokamamil

Taken from: http://www.islampos.com/mengenal-kembali-walisongo-secara-objektif-131640/

Video: 5 Great Inventions by Muslims (via Islam Favourites & The Merciful Servant)

Five monumental feats of Muslims in the past among the oh so many that we enjoy nowadays.

Will you be those who inherit the golden legacy of Islam?

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Produced by: Islam Favourites and The Merciful Servant