Facts About Our First Caliph, Abu Bakar as-Siddiq – PART 2/2

Abu Bakr Al-Siddeeq (May Allah be pleased with him):

1.      The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Follow the example of those after me: Abu Bakr and Umar.’ [1]

2.      He was the first adult male and the first free man to accept Islam; [2]

The Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) informed his Companions (radhiyAllahu ‘anhum) that, whenever he invited a person to Islam, that person would hesitate before making up his mind to embrace Islam – except for Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu), who neither hesitated nor wavered. [3]

3.      Immediately upon embracing Islam, Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) made it his primary mission in life to spread the message of Islam to others. [4] Many embraced Islam at his hands; here are some examples: ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn ‘Auf, Sa’d ibn Abee Waqqaas, Az-Zubair ibn Al-‘Awaam and Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah (radhiyAllahu ‘anhum). These particular five were the fruits of Abu Bakr’s Dawah. Once these five brave men entered the fold of Islam, others began to follow. [5]

4.      The Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wassallam) said: “Abu-Bakr has favored me much with his property and company. If I were to take a Khalil (an intimate friend) from mankind I would certainly have taken Abu Bakr.” [6]

5.      He was the one and only companion whom RasulAllah (salAllahu’alayhi wasallam) chose to accompany him in the Hijrah to Madinah. [7]

6.      If the eman of Abu Bakr was put on one side of the scale and the eman of this entire Ummah on the other, Abu Bakr’s eman would have outweighed. [8]

7.      Throughout his life, the Prophet (salAllahu’alayhi wasallam) appointed only one man to lead Muslims in prayer in his place, and that man was, ofcourse, Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu). [9]

8.      When the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) died, people fell into a state of shock and disbelief. It was Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) who then brought them back to their senses, saying to them his now-famous words: “Whoever used to worship Muhammed, Muhammed has indeed died. And whoever used to worship Allah, Allah is alive and never dies.” [10]

9.     He was the first khalifah after the death of Muhammed (sallAllahu’alayhi wasallam). [11]

10.   Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) was the first to begin the compilation of the Qur’an, under the advice of Umar (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu). [12]

11.  Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) said, “I do and apply (in terms of actions, policies, etc.) everything that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did and applied, for I fear that, if I abandon any part of his way (or system of rule), I will go astray.” [13]

12.  Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) lived in the moment, using every second of his time to better himself as a Muslim.

Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wassallam) said to his companions, “Who has observed fast among you today?” Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) replied, “Me.” He (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wassallam) said, “Who among you followed a funeral procession today?” Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) replied, “Me”. He (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) said, “Who among you has fed a poor person (today)?” Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) replied, “Me”. He (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wassallam) said, “Who among you visited a sick person today?” Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) said, “Me.” Upon this the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) said, “Anyone in whom (these good deeds) are combined will certainly, enter paradise.” [14]

13.  Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) died at the age of 63, which was the exact age at which the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam) died. As per his instructions, [15] Abu Bakr (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu) was washed by Asmaa bint ‘Umais (radhiyAllahu ‘anha) and was buried alongside the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wassallam). [16]

—–

Bibliography:

[1]  Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3662

[2] “The Noble life of The Prophet, Vol. 1” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2005, p. 158

[3] “The Biography of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2007, p. 51

[4] “The Biography of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2007, p. 742

[5] “The Noble life of The Prophet, Vol. 1” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2005, p. 159

[6] Sahih Bukhari, Book #8, Hadith #455

 [7] “The Biography of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2007, p. 743

[8] AlBaihaqi, At-Tirmidhi and Ahmad

[9], [10] “The Biography of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2007, p. 745

[11] http://islamqa.info/en/13713

[12]  Bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #201

[13] “The Biography of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq” by Ali Muhammad al-Sallaabee, 2007, p. 750

[14] Sahih Muslim, Book #5, Hadith #2242

[15]  At-Tabaqaat, Ibn Sa’ad (3/203, 204), and the chain of this narration is authentic.

[16]  Taareekh Al-Islam, by Adh-Dhahabee; and ‘Ahd Al-Khulafaa Ar-Raashidoon (pg. 120)

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Source: Islamic Online University

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